Brevital is a barbiturate. It used to be commonly prescribed to treat the symptoms of anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. But due to the high risk of abuse, the drugs were slowly phased out by the creation of benzodiazepines (or benzos) in the 1980s. While barbiturates are still used in more severe cases, they’re no longer widely prescribed.
The active ingredient in Brevital is methohexital, and it’s basically confined to in-hospital use as an intravenous anesthetic. Although many restrictions keep it from being prescribed, it still manages to find its way into illicit and recreational use. It can be purchased online and on the street.
Its popularity has dramatically declined over the years, but it’s still widely abused. It has the power to decrease the quality of life in individuals who abuse it, even for short amounts of time.
Brevital is a potent depressant that can cause an overdose, even when taken as prescribed. So when you educate yourself about the facts and symptoms of Brevital abuse, you could potentially save yourself or a loved one from becoming addicted to this powerful drug.
How Does Brevital Work?
Due to the fact that barbiturates are similar to benzos, they affect GABA (gamma–Aminobutyric acid) in a similar way, although they’re chemically different.
GABA is naturally produced within our bodies to regulate levels of fear, stress, and anxiety by blocking nerve signals in the central nervous system (CNS).
When consumed, Brevital enters the brain and binds to GABA receptors. Afterward, it activates these receptors, which results in an overproduction of the chemical that increases sedative and anxiolytic feelings. Individuals who suffer from sleep and anxiety disorders produce much less GABA, which causes their complications.
Brevital is different from other barbituates in that it has a short half-life. In other words, it doesn’t take long for it to cycle through the system. When the drug is used as an anesthetic, its full results will be felt within 10 minutes.
The primary concern about Brevital’s short half-life is that it requires faster re-dosage. When someone consumes large amounts of the drug in a short time, they can overdose. If you or someone you know uses Brevital, they need to familiarize themselves with the way the drug works.
What are the Signs of Brevital Addiction?
Substance use disorders aren’t always easy to identify, but with stronger drugs like Brevital, there are outward symptoms. Familiarizing yourself with this information can mean the difference between life and death.
For someone that may be using the drug themselves, there could be no signs that addiction has started developing. If you suspect that either you or a loved one is becoming increasingly dependent on Brevital, look for these signs:
- Disrupted sleep patterns
- Impaired sexual performance
- Breathing problems
- Sensitivity to pain and sound
- Frequent periods of confusion
- Kidney problems
- Memory problems
The shift into a full-blown addiction will occur when an individual loses control over their drug use. At this point, their primary objective in life will be to obtain the drug. They will abandon relationships, friendships, and family members, and they’ll start isolating themselves from reality.
Other Signs of Brevital Addiction Can Include:
- Shopping for doctors
- Using Brevital without a prescription
- Using the drug in higher doses than prescribed
- Taking risks to illegally obtain it
- Declining in performance at work or school
- Lacking personal hygiene
- Having an inability to function without the drug
- Lying about Brevital use
- Not being able to quit, despite multiple attempts
If you or a loved one has experienced any of the above-listed symptoms, seeking out professional treatment should be at the top of your agenda. Treatment can save you from a potential overdose, and it can restore the hope you once had before you fell into active addiction.
What’s Involved in Addiction Treatment For Brevital?
Barbiturate withdrawal is very dangerous, so you shouldn’t try to quit “cold turkey” on your own. To ensure a safe transition into sobriety, addiction specialists strongly encourage that your recovery begin in a medical detox center. The sole purpose of detox is to rid the body of the toxins that are causing you to have withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, medication will be provided to help alleviate the worst symptoms, and the client will be monitored round the clock.
The severity of the addiction will determine the length of the stay, and the client will usually move onto barbiturate abuse, which could land them in a residential treatment center. During the client’s time in residential treatment, they will take part in various therapies aimed at getting to the root of addiction and instilling new behaviors that will help them respond to triggers after they leave the confines of treatment. Then they’ll be placed with other individuals who are also on journeys toward sobriety, and they’ll be placed in therapies that encourage relapse-prevention plans for long-term success.
If the addiction specialists feel that an outpatient setting may be ideal for the client’s situation, they could insist on this method instead.
It’s crucial to remember that a recovery program must be customized to fit your unique needs. So if commuting to treatment can be more beneficial, they will suggest it.
Brevital Abuse Statistics
- According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NLM), roughly 1 in 10 barbiturate-related overdoses are fatal.
- Roughly 300 tons of barbiturates are annually produced in the U.S.
- Under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act, barbiturates are classified as Schedule II, III, and IV depressants.